History of flocking
Flocking technology can be traced back to about 3,000 years. In those days, the Chinese invented the first beginnings of flocking. Resin glue was applied to textile carrier material and natural fibres were strewn onto the adhesive surface. The origins of flocking lay in rendering objects more attractive, thereby enhancing their value.
The first evidence of mechanical flocking may be found in the 12th century AD. This technique was used in a Nuremberg monastery to create decorative wall coverings, using wooden forms and natural fibres crushed in a mortar. The technique fell into oblivion again for a long time.
The start of industrialisation
The 19th century saw a revival of flocking. It once again started off with the production of wall paper for interior decoration; the “regal exclusivity” of which may still be admired in many French castles to this day. At the same time, the discovery of electrostatic effects and the fact that particles could be moved by electrical forces laid the theoretical foundation for electrostatic flocking.
The 20th century
In the thirties and mainly in the USA, first approaches were made to the use of electrostatics in support of mechanical flocking. This technique also asserted itself in Europe after the war. Electrostatic flocking triumphed after German engineers succeeded in developing systems which worked exclusively with direct voltage. All the participants, including manufacturers of flock and adhesives and the machine builders and industrial businesses, cooperated closely to continuously expand the application fields of flocking. Using high-tech machinery and sophisticated materials, electrostatic flocking today is capable of refining virtually any surface, not only visually enhancing the carrier media but also, often even more important today, adding to and enhancing its properties.
Where does the name Flock come from?
As the early 20th century the flock in the automotive industry moved in, among other roof sky was flocked. At that time, the operation did not correspond to today's, so not much time was spent cleaning the rest flock. When the car was moved across the street, the fibers trickled from the sky. This looked like "snow-flock". Since then, the term "flock" has become established in colloquial language as "flock" and "flocking".